These fragments of Short-toed Eagles’ flights have been shot at their breeding territories and hunting grounds in Kiev Region /map/ and in Mezhrechenskiy Park /map/ this year. The video is commented on, please, pay attention on subtitles. You can see eagles A11, B11, K11 and L11 in the clip. Certainly, also other more melodious names were given them for routine use. These STEs occupy their breeding sites within the same home ranges from year to year since at least 2006 and 2010. For a regular observer every bird has obvious individual traits. The video without compression can be downloaded.
These articles were published in 2012-2013. They all are dedicated to studies of migration of Short-toed Eagles. Now the full texts can be found on a site of Mediterranean Raptor Migration Network, on the section of papers:
• Ugo Mellone, Ruben Limiñana, Pascual López-López, Giuseppe Lucia, Egidio Mallìa, Marta Romero & Vicente Urios, 2013 – Tra Europa e Africa: i movimenti di falco della Regina Falco eleonorae, grillaio Falco naumanni e biancone Circaetus gallicus rivelati dalla telemetria satellitare [Between Europe and Africa: movements of Eleonora’s Falcon, Lesser Kestrel and Short-toed Snake Eagle as revealed by satellite telemetry] // Proceedings of the XVII Italian Ornithological Congress. Trento, September 2013: pp. 142-143. – (It).
• Michele Panuccio, Nicolantonio Agostini, Luca Baghino & Giuseppe Bogliani, 2013 – Visible Migration of Short-Toed Snake-Eagles: Interplay of Weather and Topographical Features // Journal of Raptor Research 47(1): pp. 60-68. – (En).
• Michele Panuccio, Nicolantonio Agostini & Guido Premuda, 2012 – Ecological barriers promote risk minimization strategy and social learning in migrating Short-toed Snake Eagles // Ethology Ecology & Evolution, 24.1: pp. 74-80. – (En).
A fossil representative of the Circaetus genus was discovered in South-Western Bulgaria /map/. The birds had already lived in ancient Europe more than 7 millions of years ago; although, their origin from Africa is suggested as very probable. The paper is available on a website of the journal Acta zoologica bulgarica:
• Z. Boev, 2012 – Circaetus rhodopensis sp. n. (Aves: Accipitriformes) from the Late Miocene of Hadzhidimovo (SW Bulgaria) // Acta zool. bulg., 64 (1): pp. 5-12. – (En).
Two new works of Short-toed Eagle researchers are available on the Web now. Please, find the abstracts on the following pages:
• Beatriz Yáñez, Antonio-Román Muñoz, Keith L. Bildstein, Ian Newton, Albertus G. Toxopeus & Miguel Ferrer, 2014 – Individual Variation in the Over-Summering Areas of Immature Short-Toed Snake Eagles Circaetus gallicus // Acta Ornithologica, 49 (1): 137-141.
• Jean-Pierre Malafosse, Pierre Maigre, 2014 – Dispersion post-natale des jeunes Circaètes Jean-le-Blanc Circaetus gallicus [Post-breeding dispersal of young Short-toed Eagles] // Alauda, 82 (2): 81-84.
One more contribution from Guilad Friedemann. This time it is a video presentation. Using Google Earth tools Guilad invites us to follow David, one of the Short-toed Eagles tagged with the special GPS-loggers, from his home range in the Judean Foothills /map/ to the wintering grounds in Sudan. The virtual tour on his migration route is amazing!
• G. Friedemann, I. Izhaki, Y. Leshem & K. Y. Mumcuoglu, 2013 – Alternative nest-building behavior of the Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus) and the Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus) in the Judean Foothills, and the parasitic and non-parasitic arthropod fauna in their nests // Israel Journal of Entomology, Vol. 43: pp. 11-19. – (En).
This article was published about a quarter of a century ago. Now it is available on the Web, on a site of Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum:
• Josef Reichholf, 1988 – Der Schlangenadler Circaetus gallicus in Bayern: Ein seltener aber regelmäßiger Durchzügler am Alpennordrand [The Short-toed Eagle in Bavaria: A Rare but Regular Migrant Along the Northern Fringe of the Alps] // Anzeiger der Ornithologische Gesellschaft in Bayern, 27 (1): 115-124. – (De) /map/.